submitted 1 hour ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

The highest needs are in housing, or 17 per cent of the overall estimated costs, followed by transport, commerce and industry, agriculture and energy. Social protection and livelihood support and explosive hazard management are pegged at under 10 per cent, respectively, according to the UN.

Across all sectors, the cost of debris clearance and management, as well as demolition where needed, is almost $11 billion.

submitted 10 hours ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

"It seems likely that the damage to Russia’s productive capacity from the loss of western technology and key supplies will increase over time," writes independent economist Roger Bootle.

"Moreover, the medium-term outlook for its supply capacity has been severely dented by the loss of so many soldiers in the Ukraine war – and more importantly, by the exodus of so many well-qualified young people who wished to escape both the Putin regime and the prospect of call-up."

submitted 11 hours ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

In almost 2 years of full-scale war, Russia has spent half the money from the National Welfare Fund (NWF), the main source of resources for a rainy day. At the end of 2023, almost 4 trillion rubles were spent from the National Welfare Fund, and now only 5 trillion remains in its so-called liquid part (savings in currency and gold that are easy to spend if necessary).

As analysts explained, Russia has less money for a rainy day, since in the first half of 2023 Russian oil was trading at a discount compared to other brands, the ruble exchange rate was relatively strong, so the required volumes were not received — and currency from the National Welfare Fund was sold. However, in the summer the situation changed: prices rose, the ruble weakened — and the authorities were finally ready to replenish the money.

“However, after Prigozhin’s rebellion, the dollar exchange rate soared to 100 rubles. And additional demand for currency would have accelerated the devaluation even more, so the National Welfare Fund was not replenished,” the analysts said.

At the same time, due to the need to finance an expensive war —“the items “National Defense” and “National Security” increased by 60% compared to 2021”— budget spending exceeded the legal limit by 3 trillion rubles. In addition, the budget deficit turned out to be higher than expected.

submitted 11 hours ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

Military pay, ammunition, tanks, planes, and compensation for dead and wounded soldiers, all contribute to the GDP figures. Put simply, the war against Ukraine is now the main driver of Russia’s economic growth.

And it is a war that Russia cannot afford to win. The cost of rebuilding and maintaining security in a conquered Ukraine would be too great, and an isolated Russia could at best hope to become a junior partner entirely dependent on China.

submitted 1 day ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

Washington's threat to hit foreign financial institutions with sanctions has made a significant difference in financial flows between Russia and countries such as Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Kazakhstan, said Deputy Treasury Secretary Wally Adeyemo.

Adeyemo said data available to the U.S. Treasury Department - including reports from financial institutions - shows a decline in the movement of funds after Washington in December issued an executive order that threatened sanctions on financial institutions in third countries helping Russia skirt western sanctions imposed over its invasion of Ukraine.

"In the data that I can see, I've seen a significant difference in terms of financial flows that have been transactions...potentially being blocked by institutions," Adeyemo said.

"And I've heard about this also from some of the monitors who are in institutions ... that they're taking a more cautious approach with regard to doing any business with Russia, which is exactly what we wanted."

Reuters reported last week that the U.S. threat to hit financial firms doing business with Russia with sanctions has chilled Turkish-Russian trade, disrupting or slowing some payments for both imported oil and Turkish exports, according to seven sources familiar with the matter.

The executive order did not explicitly target energy, but it has complicated some Turkish payments for Russian crude oil as well as Russian payments for a broader range of Turkish exports, the sources said.

Washington and its allies have imposed thousands of sanctions on Moscow over its invasion of Ukraine two years ago and has since been trying to stop Russia from circumventing the measures. The United States has repeatedly warned companies against helping Moscow evade the sanctions and has targeted firms in the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and China.

Senior U.S. officials have also traveled to Turkey, the UAE and other countries to warn that companies could lose access to G7 markets if they do business with entities subject to U.S. curbs.

The executive order did not include a common threshold that only penalized firms if they were knowingly engaged in transactions on behalf of those hit with U.S. sanctions or tied to Russia's military industrial base, leaving them at risk of being cut off from the U.S. financial system even if unwittingly involved.

COMPLIANCE SHIFT Adeyemo said bank compliance departments have taken the executive order seriously since it was the first time Washington said it would use secondary sanctions. Secondary sanctions target foreign people or companies doing business with those already under U.S. sanctions. "Soon after, from their CEOs on down, they started requesting meetings with us to say 'what can we do to make sure that we keep access to the dollar,'" he said.

"And these were large banks ... who knew that they were in focus and wanted to make sure they're on the right side. Because ultimately for them, even though they may do some business with Russia, it pales in comparison to the amount of business they do with the United States or the business they do in the dollar."

Washington has so far held back from using the new executive order to sanction foreign financial institutions.

The U.S. on Friday imposed extensive sanctions against Russia, targeting more than 500 people and entities in retaliation for Moscow's invasion of Ukraine and the death of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

Ahead of the latest action, which marked the second anniversary of Russia's invasion, experts were watching to see whether the U.S. made use of the new measures issued in December. But Washington did not target a foreign financial institution in the package.

"What we've seen in terms of the information that we're collecting, is it's putting sand in the gears of the financial network that they were using to get access to goods, and now they're having to find new ways to do that," Adeyemo said of the executive order's effect on Russia.

submitted 1 day ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

The Howard G. Buffett Foundation has given more than half a billion dollars in humanitarian assistance to Ukraine since Russia invaded the country two years ago. And while Congress is gridlocked at the moment about supplying additional aid to the country, Buffett says he’s planning to keep giving.

Buffett, who said he had discussed the situation with his father but opted to keep those conversations private, criticized the U.S. government for dragging its feet on additional aid packages, saying, “Either we stand with NATO and fight, which is what I think the only option is, or if we say we’re not going to support NATO, we are going to be in a world of hurt down the road.”

submitted 1 day ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

Emmanuel Macron spoke after a meeting on Ukraine in Paris brought together over 20 European heads of state and government and other Western officials in Paris.

“There’s no consensus today to send in an official manner troops on the ground. But in terms of dynamics, nothing can be ruled out,” Macron said.

submitted 2 days ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

Cross-posted from: https://feddit.de/post/9362039

Veteran human rights activist Oleg Orlov decried what he called the "strangulation of freedom" in Russia at a court hearing on Monday as prosecutors sought to have him jailed for nearly three years for discrediting the armed forces.

Orlov, 70, has served for more than two decades as one of the leaders of the Memorial human rights organisation, which won a share of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2022 a year after being banned and dissolved in Russia.

In court on Monday he condemned the authorities for their clampdown on political dissent, the death in prison of prominent Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny and the conflict in Ukraine.

A district court last year fined Orlov 150,000 roubles ($1,616) - a relatively light sentence for a critic of the Ukraine war, due to his age and health - after he penned an article saying that Russia under President Vladimir Putin had descended into fascism.

submitted 2 days ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

"They did not forget about us, just like we didn't in 1984," said Vasyl.

Communities in Wales affected by the miners' strike in the 1980s received much-needed support from the former Soviet Union, and from around the world.

It is a four-decades-old bond that bridges a strike and now a war, forged in shared experiences underground.

In Ukraine, there are currently hundreds, if not thousands, of miners fighting on the front lines in the war against Russia.

submitted 3 days ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

Cross-posted from: https://feddit.de/post/9331839

"Authoritarian leaders consider people as objects of control and deny them rights and freedoms. Democracies consider people, their rights and freedoms to be of the highest value. There is no way to negotiate this," writes Oleksandra Matviichuk, human rights lawyer and Nobel Peace Prize winner.

"Whether we are brave enough to admit it or not, this war has long since crossed the borders of the European Union."

submitted 3 days ago by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

[WARNING: This story contains details that may distress some readers.]

There is evidence that rape and other forms of sexual violence has been used as a widespread weapon of war since Russia invaded eastern Ukraine a decade ago.

And as the full-scale war in Ukraine reached the two-year mark on Saturday, it's believed thousands of civilians across the country may have experienced conflict-related sexual assault.

But due to stigma, trauma, and difficulties documenting the atrocities, only a handful of survivors have officially spoken out.

The UN has accused Russia of using rape as a "military strategy" in Ukraine with reports of hundreds of cases of sexual violence against civilians of all genders.

According to a UN investigation into war crimes in Ukraine, their ages range from four to 82-years-old.

submitted 4 days ago* (last edited 4 days ago) by 0x815@feddit.de to c/ukraine@sopuli.xyz

Researchers say that parents are tortured for information and forced to work in prison camps while their children are sent elsewhere — first to occupied territories like Donetsk and Luhansk, and then to Russia or Belarus.

Entire families have also been forcibly deported, Kyiv says, telling the United Nations in December 2022 that more than 2.5 million Ukrainians of all ages were deported in the initial months of Russia’s invasion.

[Edit typo.]

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 9 points 6 days ago


Supporting Ukraine (by raising taxes or doing whatever it takes Ukraine to win) and turning "the whole economy into a war economy" are two different things - and that's good, because Europe and the rest of the democratic world has no choice.

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 32 points 3 months ago
[-] 0x815@feddit.de 24 points 5 months ago* (last edited 5 months ago)

I'm not sure. You may have children, elderly among your relatives dependent on your care and you don't want to leave behind, things like that. I have never been in such a situation and hopefully never will be, but it's hard to generalize imho.

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 35 points 5 months ago

Half of all active satellites are now from SpaceX. Here’s why that may be a problem (March 2023)

SpaceX’s rapidly growing fleet of Starlink internet satellites now make up half of all active satellites in Earth orbit. [...]

"These big low-orbit internet constellations have come from nowhere in 2019, to dominating the space environment in 2023,” says McDowell, of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass. “It really is a massive shift and a massive industrialization of low orbit.”

Why do governments provide Low Earth Orbit to one awful person?

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 32 points 6 months ago

Yeah, but that's what all authoritarian states do.

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 25 points 6 months ago

FYI: There's a study published in March 2023 investigating the Prevalence and predictors of depression among women in Afghanistan (pdf, 9 pages). It is obvious that women are facing a harsh life reality which is far beyond what we can imagine here in our western world.

A recent national survey in Afghanistan reported that 47% of women suffered from mental health illnesses including depression [10]. An earlier survey conducted in 2003 evaluated the depression rate among women in Afghanistan. The survey reported high rates of clinical depression (73–78%) and suicidal ideation among Taliban-controlled regions versus those in a Pakistani refugee camp (28%) [11]. The provision of overall healthcare services including psychiatric services has been halted or inaccessible due to an ongoing political crisis in the country [12]. [...]

Women in Afghanistan face chronic trauma, emotional abuse, and patriarchal community ideals which may lead extreme depression and suicidal thoughts [13, 14]. Gender-based violence against women, forced marriages, and the impact of war are the most important factors for this [14]. Traditional practices and customs, early marriage, and teenage pregnancies make it more difficult for women to obtain an education, learn new skills, and inherit property, all of which contribute to poor mental health outcomes [15].

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 27 points 6 months ago

I'm wondering what China's potential BRICS partners like Saudi Arabia and Egypt and possibly others say. I mean, Islam is the state religion these countries, and China declares that "illegal religious activities." Can someone enlighten me?

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 35 points 6 months ago* (last edited 6 months ago)


Maybe she wouldn't accept it, but the public probably would.

So violating an individual's rights is acceptable as long as 'the public' accepts it?

And if so, who is 'the public'? I feel I'm also part of the public in that case, and don't accept it.

Instead they've escalated the accident into a lawsuit and made a public enemy of themselves.

No, not 'they'. It was just him, can't see any wrongdoing by her.

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 30 points 6 months ago

I guess violations of human rights like the one we have here happen a million times a day across the globe, although mostly not in the public sphere. Sexual harassment is not 'blown out of proportion', it has to have consequences as any crime.

[-] 0x815@feddit.de 68 points 6 months ago

Spain striker Borja Iglesias steps down from Spain's (male) national team after Rubiales’ refusal to resign

Real Betis striker Borja Iglesias has announced his intention to step down from the Spanish national soccer team, following statements made by Spanish Football Federation president Luis Rubiales and his refusal to resign in the wake of the scandal caused by a non-consensual kiss with midfielder Jenni Hermoso after the victory of the women’s team at the 2023 World Cup. “I am sad and disappointed,” Iglesias said, while declaring solidarity with his “teammate” Hermoso.

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