submitted 11 hours ago* (last edited 1 hour ago) by Fisch@lemmy.ml to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

My current setup consists of a Raspberry Pi 4 with 4gb RAM and a 1tb external SSD. I'm thinking of getting a used mini PC for around 100€ to replace that tho because it would give me a lot more power and especially RAM (I currently need to use an 8gb swap file). My plan so far is to get a used mini PC that's quiet, has a built-in SSD and at least 8gb of RAM (16 would be better). Because of the built-in SSD, I could also sell the external SSD and buy an 8-12tb HDD instead.

Does anyone have recommendations for what mini PC to get or things that I should look out for?

Edit: Thanks for all the help! I decided on the Firebat T8 Pro Plus with 16gb RAM and 512gb internal storage because that really seems to be perfect for my use case.


I created a lemmy instance and noticed the stats on the index page showed that the instance had 2 users registered, even though only the admin account existed at that point. I created a second account, and now it shows 3 users. However, the database query SELECT name from person WHERE local='t'; only shows only the admin account and the second account I made.


Is this normal behavior or is there a way I can fix it?


Hiya, I'm looking to keep track of my different services in hosting via Unraid. Right now I'm hosting roughly 12 different services, but would be nice to have the logs of all my services in one place, preferably with a nice GUI. Are there any such services that could easily connect to the different docker containers I have running?

Appreciate any suggestions 🙌

submitted 21 hours ago by Azrenix@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hi selfhosted community. First off, apologies if this is the wrong place to post this.

I’m trying to look for a computer / server that can handle Plex streaming reliably (just family members so a few connections).

I’ve looked around and some people say to get a NAS but apparently the transcoding is not good on those. Others have said N100, but I’m not sure exactly which one to get so I’m at a loss.

I would just like something that is great today and a bit future proof in case I want to up my storage. I preferably don’t want to build an entire huge desktop PC but looking for something with a smaller footprint where I can hide it behind the TV or behind a desk if need be.

Thank you so much for reading, and for the help!

submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 1 day ago) by andrew@andrew.masto.host to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Feishin: An open source self-hosted music player that can connect to your Navidrome and Jellyfin libraries




Hello there!

I was wondering what people on here use for general household related peojects and general recurring task management.

I feel like it would be easier to get stuff done if my wife and I could have a place to store and real time add/update information on things. Notes on the fridge don't cut it anymore, as life gets complex.

I was looking into NextCloud AIO. I don't care much for the mail, file sync or call and chat features. But a shared calendar and the Deck app with tasks sound useful. Along with the cookbook app that exists.

I was also checking out independent-ish solutions like Vikunja and Kitchen owl. I was also looking for a MS whiteboard-like thing to use, and Excalidraw came up. It is possible to tie all these together with a dashboard, so it doesn't feel like it's all over the place I am sure. But the wife approval factor is also something I have to keep in mind. Also, mobile apps are hit and miss in my opinion.

If you have extendes experiences with the above tools or alternatives that you use, please share how you like it! I could use some perspective before I deploy stuff to "prd".


I am starting to detangle myself from Google and one of the services I use is YouTube.

I learned that piped exists the other day but that is just a front end for Google.

Is there a tool that I can host on my server that will let me give it YouTube links, that will then download/stream to my server and then server to my phone or computer?

I guess I am looking for a tool that will cache my YouTube videos locally and even download my subscriptions when they upload new stuff.

I'm not sure what this buys me that Piped does not, except that I am backing up videos in case they are removed.


I'm looking for some sort of simple market watcher application. One which will show the daily performance of a few selections of stock tickers.

I don't need a full portfolio tracker - I just want to be able to input some ticker symbols and see how they managed to fair on any particular day. I don't really like going to say, yahoo finance, because it's just so damn noisy.

Does any sort of solution exist?


I'm posting this in selfhosted because Gandi increasing prices actually helped me a lot with being more serious about selfhosting, made me look into things like DNS and reverse proxies and VPN and docker and also ended up saving me money by re-evaluating my service needs.

For background, Gandi.net is a large and old (25 years) domain registrar and hosting provider in the EU, who after two successive rounds of being acquired by investment funds have hiked up prices across the board for all their services.

In July 2023 when they announced the changes for November I was using their services for pretty much everything because I manage domains for friends and family. That means a wide selection of domains registered with them (both TLDs and European ccTLDs), LAMP hosting, and was taking advantage of their free email hosting for multiple domains.

For the record I don't hold the price hike against them, it was just unsustainable for us. Their email prices (~5€/mailbox/mo) are in line with market prices and so are hosting prices. Their domain prices are however exaggerated (€25-30/yr is their lower price now). I also think they could've been smarter about email, they could've offered lower prices if you keep domains registered with them. [These prices include the VAT for my country btw. They will appear lower in USD.]

What I did:

Domains: looked into alternative registrars with decent prices, support for all the ccTLDs I needed, DNSSEC, enforced whois privacy, and representative services (some ccTLDs require a local contact). Went with INWX.com (Germany) and Netim.com (France). Saved about €70/yr. Could have saved more for .org/.net/.com domains with an American registrar but didn't want to spread too thin.

DNS: learned to use a dedicated DNS service, especially now that I was using multiple registrars since I didn't want to manage DNS in multiple places. Wanted something with support for DNSSEC and API. Went with deSEC.io (Germany) as main service and Bunny.net (Slovenia) as backup. deSEC is free, more on Bunny pricing below. Learned a lot about DNS in the process.

Email: having multiple low-volume mailboxes forced me to look into volume-based providers who charge for storage and emails sent/received not mailboxes. I've found Migadu (Swiss with servers in France at OVH), MXRoute (self-hosted in Texas) and PurelyMail (don't know). Fair warning, they're all 1-2 man operations. But their prices are amazing because you pay a flat fee per year and can have any number of domains and mailboxes instead of monthly fees for one mailbox at one domain. Saved €130/yr. Learned a lot about MX records and SPF/DKIM/DMARC.

Hosting: had a revelation that none of the webpages I was hosting actually needed live dynamic services (like PHP and MySQL). Those that were using a CMS like WordPress or PHP photo galleries could be self-hosted in docker containers because only one person was using each, and the static output hosted on a CDN. Enter Bunny.net, who also offer CDN and static storage services. For Europe and North America it costs 1 cent per GB with a $1 minimum/mo, so basically $12/yr since all websites are low traffic personal websites. Saved another €130/yr. Learned a lot about Docker, reverse proxies and self-hosting in general.

Keep in mind that I already had a decent PC for self-hosting, but at €330 saved per year I could've afforded buying a decent machine and some storage either way.

I think separating registrars, DNS, email and hosting was a good decision because it allows a lot of flexibility should any of them have any issues, price hikes etc.

It does complicate things if I should kick the bucket – compared to having everything in one place – which is something I'll have to consider. I've put together written details for now.

Any comments or questions are welcome. If there are others that have gone through similar migrations I'd be curious what you chose.

submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 7 hours ago) by moddy@feddit.de to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hi! Love my proxmox, so i spent him/her 2 new ssd's. 1x 2TB ssd (2,5") and 1x 4TB m.2-ssd (2280).

My server has 2 ssd-slots and one m.2-slot and there is now only one 2,5"-256GB-ssd inside.

My fault: I thought the system-ssd would be an 2,5"-sdd, so i can simply add the two new disks to the server, BUT now - after i opened the server - i saw it is an m.2-256GB-ssd. That means there are only two 2,5"-slots free.

What do you think?

Solution 1: I give back the m.2 and buy another 2,5"-ssd.

Solution 2: I mirror the systenmdisk to another 2,5"-300GB-ssd that i have lying around here and use the 2 new bought ssd's.

Question to solution 2: Is there a tool in proxmox that can mirror the system-disk and do i have to change a lot handish afterwards?

[EDIT / SOLUTION] You can clone the proxmox-system-disk to another with clonezilla. Rescuezilla did not work (issues with LVM's).
I did not hat had edit anything. Booted and all services seem to work.



So I've been using Rustdesk with a self hosted server for business and personal use now for some time. However, it is definitely the sketchiest foss software I've used. It seems to be based in China but the developers keep lying and saying its in Singapore.

Here is a list if everything I've found:









It seems that now the clients and OSS server are completely foss which is good. They also no longer have public servers in China according to them. In the client itself it also now has better defaults so you are less at risk of getting attacked.

It still is sketch but it now is slightly less sketch I guess? Either way its not ideal.



Never Again (dubvee.org)
submitted 2 days ago by ptz@dubvee.org to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I bought 5 of these less than two years ago, though they were the 500 GB model. Every single one of them has failed - some within 45 days and just outside the return period. The last one, which I honestly forgot was still running and thought I'd replaced, failed this morning.

These SSDs are absolute garbage and their warranty replacements are a joke (read: you're outta luck, Chuck). Burn me once, shame on you. Burn me 6 times, well, shame one me for buying them again, I guess. lol. I had one fail prior to this batch, but assumed it was an oddball.

Pro tip: Never buy Silicon Power (SP) SSDs. I you have any in use, make sure you have backups running daily and that you check those backups every so often.

Seems like the 3v3 regulator is what goes out on these, but I'm not going to bother trying to repair it since I've got backups.


I think of myself as technically inclined. I have installed Linux multiple times and have basic command line knowledge, and I've programmed in many languages, with the most experience making a static website game using HTML/CSS/JS.

Additionally, I own the superspruce.org domain (my registrar is Dynadot), but I don't really know how to wield the power of owning a domain. I also have some spare computers to be used for hosting, a 2009 laptop running Lubuntu and a 3900X+32GB RAM desktop other running KDE Neon, but I'm also open to experimenting with cloud hosting too (I know, sacrilege here).

However, I don't know much about the TCP/IP protocol or other networking protocols. I'm happy to learn, but the curve would need to start gently.

I would want to try hosting my websites, and also a personal non-federated Lemmy instance to serve as a archivable forum for my games. Even if it's not very useful, it's great experience.

submitted 1 day ago* (last edited 1 day ago) by glasgitarrewelt@feddit.de to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hello community,

I am looking for a system to replace wordpress.

My goal is to build a webpage with a simple start page, an 'about me' and an impressum, so nothing special, but hopefully good looking.

I only use open source software, FOSS whenever possible. I have a rough understanding of some HTML, CSS, PHP, but I am happy if my future webpage doesn't rely too heavy on my knowlege of those languages.

Wordpress feels very over the top and not many things work out of the box - you have to pay for premium products if you want a functional page, that doesn't look exactly like twenty twenty-two. I wanted to move my wordpress site from one host to another host.. Not easy, unless you pay for a plugin of course.

Now I found ModX, a CMS which looks like it is much less clunky, has more free 'plugins' and it looks quite intuitive with it's folder structure.

My questions:

  • Has anyone used both CMS and can compare them based on their personal experience?
  • What CMS or other way do you prefer to build your simple webpage (FOSS only version)?

Edit: Thank you all for great recommendations and for sharing your experience! I learned: A full CMS is overkill for my usecase. Other, more suitable options, are:

  • Flat-file CMS (Grav, Automad,..)
  • static-file-generators (Hugo,..)
  • Emacs-org-html-export (.........)
  • Build from scratch with html and css

I'll just come out and say it: 50W. I know, I know an order of magnitude above what's actually needed to host websites, media center and image gallery.

But it is a computer I had on-hand and which would be turned on a quarter of the day anyway. And these 50W also warm my home, although this is less efficient than the heat pump, of course.

What's your usage? What do you host?

submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by nodsocket@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Networking noob here. I want to prevent all incoming requests except through a specific port, and that traffic is forwarded to a specific device on the network. NAT seems to do that just fine, it's almost like a kind of firewall by itself. What kind of threats are there that requires more than just NAT for security?

submitted 2 days ago by reap@lemmy.world to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world


So I've been planning on getting off Google photos for a while now and want to test Immich as a replacement. To that end I've got myself a raspberry pi 5 (8gb) and paired it with a 1tb nvme SSD. I have been familiarising myself with immich documentation and content on securing rpi network, but I would appreciate if you could provide me with more insight or basics that I should look out for. I am still in uni so it will be connected via eduroam.

Thank you!

submitted 2 days ago by otl@hachyderm.io to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Follow-up: OpenBSD routers on AliExpress mini PCs

I got lots of replies to the last post showing the little OpenBSD internet gateway setup (super interesting; thanks!). Here's more info and pictures:

Something I've been meaning to share for years now.

@selfhosted #openbsd #selfhosted #selfhosting

submitted 2 days ago* (last edited 2 days ago) by Kaldo@kbin.social to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

I'm looking for advice on how to get started with a NAS, probably Synology since it's beginner friendly and often well recommended. I'm thinking of a 2 bay case with 2x4TB HDDs in RAID1 setup. What do I have to look out for in a device to get the best bang for my bucks?

My use case:

I have various documents, software projects, family pictures, videos that I want to store on something more reliable than a bunch of internal/external HDDs or USB sticks. I have a full *arr stack and jellyfin but I want to move these to my "server" laptop and docker once NAS is setup, and then host the files on it. For projects I might want to self-host gitea down the line.

Some more specific questions:

  1. if I go with a 2 bay NAS case, can i also connect my old external drive to it as a separate drive, can they handle USB3 drives? Will it require reformatting since it was used on windows so far?
  2. are there any issues with connecting docker ~~drives~~ volumes to a NAS?
  3. noise issues - does the NAS itself make a noticeable amount of noise or is it just the drives?
  4. whats the life expectancy of a NAS? if it dies, can I just plug the drives into a new one?
  5. does syncthing work well with a NAS or is there a better way of syncing local files to the NAS for backup?

Sorry for the question dump, just wanted to cover as many possible issues as possible 😅

Self hosted LLM (sh.itjust.works)

Hello internet users. I have tried gpt4all and like it, but it is very slow on my laptop. I was wondering if anyone here knows of any solutions I could run on my server (debian 12, amd cpu, intel a380 gpu) through a web interface. Has anyone found any good way to do this?

submitted 3 days ago by otl@hachyderm.io to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Another successful OpenBSD setup

I've been buying these little boxes from AliExpress for years to use as firewalls and routers. My oldest one is almost 9 years old now! OpenBSD installs just fine. Just a BIOS tweak to always boot up after power is restored.

@selfhosted #selfhosting #selfhosted #openbsd #runbsd

cloud workspace (feddit.de)
submitted 2 days ago by Joosl@feddit.de to c/selfhosted@lemmy.world

Hey all,

I'm kind of new to self hosting, and currently repurposing my old PC as a home server. I already set it up to run nginx in docker, so I can use SSL on every website. The next thing for me would be to set up some kind of persisent workspace, that I can access from everywhere (specifically my ipad). I already had a look at kasm, but it looks to overkill. What i want:

  • Persisent workspace, independent from Ubuntu server
  • Some kind of Linux distro with a known package manager
  • accessible through browser, or iPad app
  • multiple users?
  • password protected


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